Factories act

Short title, extent and commencement. Reference to time of day.

Factories act

Fundamentals[ edit ] The Factory Act of stipulated that as of 1 Julywomen and children between the ages of 13 and 18 could Factories act only 63 hours per week. Under the Whig government of Lord Melbourne, Fox Maule had repeatedly produced draft factory bills which were to replace the Act and better address these issues, but the Whigs had never found the political will and the parliamentary time to get a new Factory Act passed.

Maule's later draft bills had proposed reducing the working hours for children to allow better access to better education but had otherwise left hours of work unchanged.

Factories act

A short-time movement in the textile districts sought a ten-hour day for all millworkers, which it believed would be effectively secured by reducing the working hours for young persons: Lord Ashley supported their cause.

Conservatives come to power[ edit ] The Whigs were defeated in the general electionand Sir Factories act Peel formed a Conservative government. Ashley let it be known that he had declined office under Peel because Peel would not commit himself not to oppose a ten-hour bill; Ashley, therefore, wished to retain freedom of action on factory issues.

It had found much of concern in their habits and language, but the greatest concern was that "the means of secular and religious instruction.

Through the Privy Factories actgovernment money the Education Grant was available to cover up to one-third in principle; in hard cases up to a half of the cost of setting up an 'efficient' school one giving an effective education where none existed. Since the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts, many of the grievances of the Dissenters had been addressed, until the Whig government felt itself politically unable to go further because of the increasing concern and resentment of Anglicans at the systematic erosion of the Church of England's status as the national church indeed Graham had left the Whig government to join the Conservatives because of his objections on this point [11]: Church and organised Dissent regarded each other not as a colleague, but at best as a competitor, and too often as an opponent and one which had been unduly favoured by the government.

Consequently, two charities existed to assist the formation of efficient schools; the British and Foreign School Society for the Education of the Labouring and Manufacturing Classes of Society of Every Religious Persuasion was non-denominational [b] and hence was favoured by Dissenters.

Its implications for the Established Church were noted by an anonymous contemporary American commentator [12] "Without swerving a hair's breadth from" their declared principles "they would by their mere negative influence, utterly subvert and that at no distant day, if counteracting influences were not vigorously employed, the church establishment, as such; and make Episcopacy in England what it is in this country, one of some dozen sects, all depending for their influence, and for the extent to which their doctrines and usages shall be received, upon the judgement, conscience, education, or caprice of their fellow men".

Such an outcome would not be unwelcome to Dissenters; to avert it, churchmen had founded a rival organisation: Its aim was that "the National Religion should be made the foundation of National Education and should be the first and chief thing taught to the poor, according to the excellent Liturgy and Catechism provided by our Church.

The "British" and "National" schools they considered acceptable [c] and a very few manufacturers had set up their own factory schools of equivalent quality; but there were populous manufacturing districts Oldham and Ashton-under-Lyne were the examples given where there were few or no efficient schools.

Below these schools, there could be, for Dissenters, day schools associated with their place of worship - although often described in their locality as 'British' schools they were not formally so and in most cases, the quality of education given was in no way comparable.

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The organisation and discipline of the Established Church prevented any similar phenomenon of 'unofficial' National schools. Other than this the quality of education was generally poor. The 'National Factory Schools' experiment[ edit ] From onwards, Robert Saunders, the Anglican factory inspector for the West Riding, had been attempting to interest the government in a scheme for improving the education of factory children in the district.

He got no satisfactory response from the government, but considerable interest from the local Anglican clergy and from the National Society, with whom he had discussed the scheme.

Factories act

Nor does he seem to have considered the omission significant; from consultation of the parents of factory children he thought "Many would send their children to a school where the principle of Mahomet, or the worship of blocks and stones, were inculcated, without concerning themselves in the matter, if only the school-fee was less at such school than at the best school in the neighbourhood.

Exceptions are happily to be found, but they are rare. Graham's Factory Education bill [ edit ] The debate on Ashley's motion was markedly non-partisan. The measures he announced related to England and Wales; Scotland had an established system of parochial schools run by its established church, with little controversy, since in Scotland there was no dissent on doctrine, only on questions of discipline.

To allow for the provision of efficient schools where voluntary efforts had failed, the 'education clauses' of his Factory Education Bill allowed for trust schools to be set up. These would be initiated by voluntary effort, and - as previously for efficient voluntary schools - a third of capital costs could be supplied by a government grant; Graham proposed that in addition another third could be met by a government loan to be repaid from the poor rates.CHAPTER I.- Preliminary.

Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Factories Act, (2) It extends to the whole of India.

NATLEX - India. The Factories Act, (Act No. 63 of ),as amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, (Act 20 of ). Nov 19,  · factories act Grenade used in Amritsar blast similar to ones manufactured by Pakistan Ordinance factory: Amarinder Singh Three persons including a preacher were killed and over 20 injured when two-motorcycle borne men threw grenade on a religious congregation on Sunday.

In the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for children working in factories. An Act to provide for the registration, etc., of factories; to provide for factory workers and a wider spectrum of workers and other professionals exposed to occupational hazards, but for whom no adequate provisions had.

rows · Full text containing the act, Factories Act, , with all the sections, .

Factory Acts - Wikipedia