Gold Coast[ edit ] Kwame Nkrumah was born in about in NkrofulGold Coast later known as Ghana  to a poor and illiterate family.
The nation was enjoying prosperity; foreign and domestic reserves were healthy; cocoa prices were excellent and stable and, in general, the prospects for the country's future were outstanding. Nkrumah's government immediately embarked upon a very costly nationwide infrastructure improvement scheme.
The Accra to Tema Motorway was built to near Autobahn proportions. Medical services were greatly improved and expanded. Positive steps were taken towards implementation of the vast and extraordinarily costly Volta River hydro-electric dam at Akosombo. Tema township and world class harbor were built.
Nkrumah focused enormous resources on improving Ghana's export agricultural base which, traditionally, was heavily dependent upon cocoa. The Agricultural Development Board was established to regulate cocoa production, purchasing and marketing and to identify, subsidize and promote the production of other cash crops to alleviate the tenuous cocoa dependency.
The Industrial Development Corporation was formed to plan and undertake a full range of industrial projects. The Management Development and Productivity Institute was chartered along with its principal division, The Ghanaian Business Bureau, designed to develop and nurture small to medium size Ghanaian-owned businesses.
Government was determined to reduce Ghana's dependence on foreign manufacturers and bring an end to the nations' vulnerable position as a supplier of raw materials. When Nkrumah took office as Prime Minister on 6 March,there was every indication that the above very noble activities could be successfully undertaken on a sustained basis.
Cocoa prices were stable and at a near high, providing a steady and seemingly reliable source of foreign exchange. In addition, and most importantly, Ghana was united behind her leader, succumbing to his extraordinary oratory, glib rhetoric and zeal. There was a vibrant national passion for development and self-reliance.
Throughout the nation, in every region, in every Chiefdom, the population was enthusiastically and earnestly engaged in Nkrumah sponsored and supported self-help schemes; building schools, clinics, village and town centers, roads, drains and irrigation systems.
Ghana of experienced a massive outpouring of productive energy and was being keenly observed by the international community as the development model for emerging African nations. So what went wrong? How and why did the brilliant, charismatic Dr.
The list of reasons is lengthy and complex but it is safe to say, that Nkrumah's decline began in early However, beginning in mid, at about the time that he assumed the Presidency and approved the new Republican Constitution, the economic fallibility of Ghana clearly manifested itself and materially effected the lives of all Ghanaians.
From toworld cocoa prices plummeted, and the enormous development spending begun by Nkrumah four years earlier, severely impacted the country's economy. Foreign exchange and government's reserves shrank and disappeared.
Eventually, there were massive food and essentials shortages effecting every area, sector and individual in Ghana. Nkrumah's response was an austere socialist budget which imposed flawed Marxist concepts of economic resuscitation on the population, primarily through harsh and unrealistic taxation.
Financial mismanagement and economic chaos increased and the country was eventually poised at the brink of national bankruptcy and international disgrace. In the meantime, to shore up his eroding political strength, Nkrumah assumed more and more power which he exercised capriciously.
Obsessed with personal safety after two failed assassination attempts, he established a very well and heavily armed Secret Security Service and Presidential Guard recruited from abroad and under his direct control.
Resentment by the ill-equipped Army and Police followed. InNkrumah declared himself President for Life and summarily banned all opposition political parties.
His enemies, real and imagined, were detained. In the process, innocent people from all over Ghana were swept up and imprisoned in complete abuse of their individual rights and liberties. The power of traditional Chiefs was diminished and, in some cases, removed.
This in a country where traditional authority through the great Akan chiefs had existed for a thousand years. In the meantime, the Cult of Nkrumahism continued to develop and propound preposterous quasi-marxist theory and dogma hatched in the name of Nkrumah, at the Ideological Institute at Winebba.
The Nkrumah cult, created by Nkrumah himself to perpetuate and mythicize himself, forced acquiescence by all, to what was called "the Nkrumahist Gospel".
To those of us who watched these events unfold during the years of Nkrumah's leadership, it was not a matter of if the bubble would burst, rather, when.
Nkrumah was journeying to Hanoi prepared to offer his Vietnam War solution. Ghana was left in the control of a three-man Presidential Commission, consisting of a traditional Chief and two politicians.
On 24 February,the bubble did not merely burst, it exploded! In the early morning hours, Ghana's armed forces, with the cooperation of the National Police, took over government in "Operation Cold Chop", a well organized coup d'etat.
Kotoka, an outstanding soldier, was a national hero, honored for valor and bravery while serving as part of Ghana's United Nations and Congo contingent.
A National Liberation Council was formed to run the affairs of state.At the time he published Neo-Colonialism, the last Stage of Imperialism, Kwame Nkrumah was the President of Ghana, the first African country to achieve independence from colonial rule.
One year later he would be deposed by a military coup that was supported by the American CIA. figure of Kwame Nkrumah, for his is an image that is indelibly etched into the political consciousness of world citizenry, elites and intellectuals alike.
As the leader of . Kwame Nkrumah () was the first president of Ghana. Though he effected Ghana's independence and for a decade was Africa's foremost spokesman, his vainglory and dictatorial methods brought about his downfall in , with him a discredited and tragic figure in African nationalism.
Characteristics Of Kwame Nkrumah. REVEIW THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF KWAME NKRUMAH PRISCILLA OWUSUAA OPOKU LEADERSHIP 3 Dr. Kwame Nkrumah The book I chose to review was “The Autobiography Of Kwame Nkrumah.”The main reason I decided to pick this book was because Kwame Nkrumah has been a household name for me for as long as I can remember.
It was, and still . Tiga Neya of Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology, Kumasi (KNUST) with expertise in: Agricultural Plant Science, Waste Management and Forestry. Germination characteristics. Journey to work and job search characteristics of the urban poor.
The Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), was among five public universities that deliver some of their academic programs by DL mode.
In KNUST the Institute of Distance Learning (IDL) was made responsible for directing the distance and e-learning.