An analysis of the second independence war of the american forces against the british at the start o

It had a large, well-organized land army, and the Royal Navy was unmatched on the sea.

An analysis of the second independence war of the american forces against the british at the start o

Armies, militias, and mercenaries Colonists were divided over which side to support in the war; in some areas, the struggle was a civil war. The Revolutionaries also known as Americans or Patriots had the active support of about 40 to 45 percent of the colonial population.

About 15 to 20 percent of the population supported the British Crown during the war, and were known as Loyalists or Tories. Loyalists fielded perhaps 50, men during the war years in support of the British Empire. When the war began, the Americans did not have a regular army also known as a "standing army".

Each colony had traditionally provided for its own defenses through the use of local militia. Militiamen served for only a few weeks or months at a time, were reluctant to go very far from home, and were thus generally unavailable for extended operations.

Militia lacked the training and discipline of regular soldiers, but were occasionally effective against regular troops. American militia were sometimes adept at partisan warfare, and were particularly effective at suppressing Loyalist activity when British regulars were not in the area. Seeking to coordinate military efforts, the Continental Congress established on paper a regular army—the Continental Army—in Juneand appointed George Washington as commander-in-chief.

The development of the Continental Army was always a work in progress, and Washington reluctantly augmented the regular troops with militia throughout the war. Although as many asmen may have served as regulars or as militiamen for the Revolutionary cause in the eight years of the war, there were never more than 90, total men under arms for the Americans in any given year.

Armies in North America were small by European standards of the era; the greatest number of men that Washington personally commanded in the field at any one time was fewer than 17, Early inthe British Army consisted of about 36, men worldwide, but wartime recruitment steadily increased this number.

Additionally, over the course of the war the British hired about 30, German mercenaries, popularly known in the colonies as "Hessians" because many of them came from Hesse-Kassel. Germans would make up about one-third of the British troop strength in North America.

Bythe number of British and German troops stationed in North America was over 60, though these were spread from Canada to Florida.

The American Revolutionary War (–), also known as the American War of Independence, was a conflict that erupted between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen British colonies, who declared their independence as the United States of America in The war was the culmination of the American Revolution, a colonial struggle against political and economic policies of the. British General John Burgoyne reached Saratoga with 5, troops, but found himself surrounded by American forces. Burgoyne surrendered. This American victory caused the French to join the war effort against the British. Second Sino-Japanese War; Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II: Clockwise from top left: The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) Special Naval Landing Forces troops in gas masks prepare for an advance in the rubble of Shanghai, Operation Ichigo IJA Type 92 Heavy machine gun, dead victims of the Nanking Massacre on the shore of the .

Blacks and Native Americans African-Americans, slaves and free blacks, served on both sides during the war. Black soldiers served in northern militias from the outset, but this was forbidden in the South, where slaveowners feared arming slaves. Tens of thousands of slaves escaped to the British lines, although possibly as few as 1, served under arms.

Many of the rest served as orderlies, mechanics, laborers, servants, scouts and guides, although more than half died in smallpox epidemics that swept the British forces, and a number were driven out of the British lines when food ran low. Despite Dunmore's promises, the majority were not given their freedom.

Due to manpower shortages, Washington lifted the ban on black enlistment in the Continental Army in January All-black units were formed in Rhode Island and Massachusetts; many were slaves promised freedom for serving in lieu of their masters.

Another all-black unit came from Haiti with French forces. At least 5, black soldiers fought for the Revolutionary cause. Most American Indians east of the Mississippi River were affected by the war, with many communities dividing over the question of how to respond to the conflict.

Most Native Americans who joined the fight fought against the United States, since native lands were threatened by expanding American settlement.

An analysis of the second independence war of the american forces against the british at the start o

An estimated 13, warriors fought on the British side; the largest group, the Iroquois Confederacy, fielded about 1, men. War in the north, — Massachusetts Before the war, Boston, Massachusetts had been the scene of much revolutionary activity, leading to the effective abolition of the provincial government of Massachusetts by the British parliament in Popular resistance to these measures, however, compelled the newly appointed royal officials in Massachusetts to resign or to seek refuge in Boston.In Virginia, British forces under the traitorous General Benedict Arnold—who had begun the war an American Patriot—had been fighting American troops under the command of French Marquis de Lafayette and Baron von Steuben.

Cornwallis combined his forces with Arnold's, forming a British army of about 7, men. 35 Mins Ago. WASHINGTON— The Federal Reserve is set Wednesday to raise interest rates for a third time this year and possibly modify the likely direction of .

British General John Burgoyne reached Saratoga with 5, troops, but found himself surrounded by American forces. Burgoyne surrendered. This American victory caused the French to join the war effort against the British.

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Second, he provided leadership of troops against the main British forces in –77 and again in He lost many of his battles, but he never surrendered his army during the war, and he continued to fight the British relentlessly until the war's end.

13 In the second phase of the American Revolution, between early and early , the fighting resulted in the British forces a. being on the verge of total defeat b. doing very little, because they remained in their city fortresses. Oct 29,  · Watch video · The Revolutionary War was an insurrection by American Patriots in the 13 colonies to British rule, resulting in American independence.

THE AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE