Acknowledging sources in academic writing

Here are the key reasons: To distinguish your own work from that of your sources. To establish the credibility and authority of your knowledge and ideas. To place your own ideas in context, locating your work in the larger intellectual conversation about your topic.

Acknowledging sources in academic writing

Toward a High-Value Health System.

acknowledging sources in academic writing

About Citations You should acknowledge the source of all information in your paper unless the material is your own ideas and research or the information is common knowledge. When in doubt, acknowledge the source of the information. In your paper you will likely have one or all of the following: Quotations Acknowledging sources in academic writing materials such as graphics, charts, or tables Information that is common knowledge Your own original ideas Your own original research like surveys or experiments The next few screens will help you decide when you should acknowledge the source of the information.

Quoting and Paraphrasing Correctly To include other people's words in your work, you can either quote the original material or paraphrase it.

Quoting You are quoting material when you copy it word for word into your paper. Use quotation marks around the quote when you want the speaker to speak in their own words or when the speaker's words are especially distinctive.

When using quotes, you usually indicate the source of the quote who said it and acknowledge the source of the quote where you found it. Paraphrasing When you paraphrase something, you restate it in your own words. You do not use quotation marks, but you must acknowledge the source of the paraphrase.

Quote Correctly Quotations can be short or long. For short quotes, use quotation marks around the quote. After Vesuvius erupted, "the dead cities were erased from human memory.

Not only the sites but their very names were totally forgotten" Deiss Introducing a Quote You may introduce a quote to your reader by using a phrase like: Quote Correctly Quotations are considered long if they take up more than four typed lines.

For long quotes, set off the quotation by indenting it from the left. Quotation marks are not needed for long quotes, but you must still cite the quote. Example of a Long Quote At the time of the eruption that buried Herculaneum, few people guessed that Vesuvius was a volcano.

Its heights were silvery with the leaves of gnarled old olive trees, and its terraces grew fruit and grapes of enormous size. No one could have believed that this pacific mountain of groves and goatherds was in reality a slumbering volcano Deiss 8.

Paraphrase Correctly When paraphrasing, do not follow the structure or language of the original material too closely. Paraphrase from memory rather than looking at the source.

Tips for Paraphrasing Read the original material and take notes of the main ideas. Write your paraphrase from memory and from your notes rather than looking at the original material.

Change the order of the ideas on your notes. Make sure you change the wording from the original or put quotes around distinctive phrases. Making minor changes like writing out abbreviations "TV" to "television" or making a word plural "computer" to "computers" is not changing the wording of the original.

To paraphrase, you must state the information in your own words and acknowledge the source of the information.

Plagiarism Examples Look at the following examples to see how plagiarism can occur. Original Higher education is getting less, not more public financial support To stay alive, these schools are firing personnel, increasing class size, snuffing courses, limiting enrollment and cutting out some majors.

But most of all, they're hiking their tuition and fees The cost crisis is resegregating higher education, not by color but by class. Plagiarism By Copying To stay in business, schools are firing personnel, increasing class size, cutting courses, limiting enrollment and dropping some majors.

acknowledging sources in academic writing

But most of all, they're raising their tuition and fees. The result is that higher education is being resegregated, not by color but by class. Passages in red are copied directly from the original without attribution or quotation marks.

Correctly Quoted As public funding for higher education has decreased, colleges and universities have been forced to increase tuition and fees. According to Newsweek columnist Jane Bryant Quinn, "The cost crisis is resegregating higher education, not by color but by class Also, the quote contains a citation to the original article.

Plagiarism By Incorrect Paraphrasing Colleges and universities are getting less government money.Failure to acknowledge the sources—textual, personal, electronic—upon which you’ve relied is a serious breach of academic integrity.

Such a failure can lead to the accusation of plagiarism —defined in Rights, Rules, Responsibilities as: “The use of any outside source without proper acknowledgment.

Why is acknowledging sources important?

You become a member of an academic community which has particular expectations, including expectations about honesty and rigour in academic research and writing.

Using and acknowledging sources is part of the 'currency' of this community; and, as with most communities, if you do not observe the rules and adopt the language of this community. This unit reviews your understanding of sources, gives reasons for using them in academic writing and explains why it is important to reference them.

Home» Module 2 Unit 1: About sources» Acknowledging sources - page 1/1. Writing assignments are not exercises in assembling a paper from different sources, they are designed to make you think for yourself.

In almost any job, you may be asked to gather information, evaluate and make decisions about the information, and present your conclusions to others. Citing sources Introduction. One of the most important aspects of academic writing is making use of the ideas of other people.

This is important as you need to show that you have understood the materials that you have studied and that you can use their ideas and findings in your own way.

Acknowledging Sources; Acknowledging Sources. Reading any academic book or serious journal article, we soon discover that the authors freely acknowledge the sources of their information and ideas.

The proper use of a documentation system is a means for demonstrating that we understand and respect the conventions of academic writing. To fail.

Why and how to use sources